🧩 Dr.Snow ❄️

🧩 Dr.Snow ❄️

27-03-2022

14:21

**𝐓𝐇𝐄 πŽπ’π‚π€π‘ πƒπ„π‚π‹πˆππ„ 𝐁𝐘 πŒπ€π‘π‹πŽπ ππ‘π€ππƒπŽ & 𝐓𝐇𝐄 πˆπŒππ€π‚π“ πŽπ… πˆπ“** - 𝐀 π“π‘π«πžπšπ 🧡 49 years ago on this day, actor Marlon Brando declined the Academy Award for Best Actor for his magnificent performance in The Godfather(1972).πŸ‘‡πŸ½ +

2/Godfather was his 6th Academy Award nomination & 2nd win after β€œOn The Waterfront”(1954). Godfather was not only Brando’s career-defining but also career-reviving performance. Before this, since the 1960s his career went into decline.β€˜One-Eyed Jacks’(1961),which was also+

3/+ directed by Brando, turned out to be a flop.The same happened with β€˜Mutiny on the Bounty’(1962). Apart from these, Brando had become notorious for his off-screen life & moody & demanding unruly behaviour on set. +

4/Francis Ford Coppola had to fight to get him cast in the coveted role of Vito Corleone. He got the role after cutting his fees to $250000 & giving a screen test. So what made Brando reject a prestigious award like Oscar in this defining moment of his career? +

5/Several policies were proposed by the US Congress to terminate the federal government's relations with several tribes to focus on assimilation. As a result, nearly 70% of American Indians left their homelands & relocated to urban centres to find economic sustainability. +

6/In 1968 American Indian Movement (AIM), was founded to address systemic issues of poverty, discrimination & police brutality against Native Americans. Later shifted focus to treaty rights,high rates of unemployment,cultural continuity & preservation of indigenous cultures.+

7/ In 1969, 89 Native Americans,identified themselves as Indians of All Tribes(IOAT),occupied Alcatraz Island.The group lived on the island together until the protest was forcibly ended by the US government. But the protest had established a precedent for Indian activism.+

8/It was later noted as "the symbol of a newly awakened desire among Indians for unity & authority in a white world". In addition to instances of civil disobedience, many traditional people at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation were unhappy with the US backed local government.+

9/When their effort to impeach tribal president Richard Wilson in 1973 failed, they met to plan protests & action. On February 27, 1973, ONE MONTH BEFORE THE OSCAR NIGHT, about 300 Oglala Lakota & AIM activists went to Wounded Knee, South Dakota, US for their protest. +

10/The occupation was symbolically held at the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre (1890). Protesters demanded the removal of Wilson from the office & demanded the reopening of treaty negotiations to hopefully arrive at fair & equitable treatment of Native Americans. +

11/Within the next 1-month gvt. response became harsher. They cut off electricity,water & food supplies to the city in winter & prohibited the entry of the media. Throughout the siege, the FBI perpetuated misinformation to weaken AIM in terms of unity & public support. +

12/AIM activists struggled to smuggle food and medical supplies. AIM activists smuggled food and medical supplies. The chances of probable casualties were increased as there was no person between federal agents and town. In this situation, Marlon Brando created a history. +

13/In 1973, Native Americans had "virtually no representation in the film industry and were primarily used as extras," They weren't just neglected or replaced in film; they were disrespected - a realization that hurt Brando's perception of the film industry. +

14/Sacheen Littlefeather (born Marie Cruz) was a young Apache/Yaqui activist who had participated in the Alcatraz Island occupation. Littlefeather was a budding model & actress. She was the president of the National Native American Affirmative Image Committee. +

15/She was working in San Francisco when she wrote a letter to Brando inquiring about his interest in Native American culture. She got the address from Coppola. It took him about a year to respond.He called & tried to disguise his voice but it didn't fool her.+

16/ Brando said, "I bet you don't know who this is." Littlefeather said, "Of course I know. This is Marlon Brando. It sure as hell took you long enough to get back to me. You beat Indian time all to hell." He laughed. They talked for an hour. Later they became friends.+

17/ One day before the 45th Academy Awards, Brando came to know that it will be the first Academy Award ceremony to be broadcasted by satellite all over the world. So he announced that he would boycott the ceremony. He asked Littlefeather to attend to represent him.+

18/ She first thought he was joking. He warned her that she might face a backlash for what she was going to do. She promised him that she would not touch the Oscar. On 1 day notice period, being unprepared, she decided that she will wear her Northern-style buckskin apache dress.+

19/ On the evening of March 27, Liv Ullmann & Roger Moore read out the name of the Best Actor Award recipient, they saw Littlefeather taking the stage instead of Brando. The presenter Roger Moore (star of several James Bond films) attempted to hand the Oscar to Littlefeather.+

20/ + but she brushed it aside with an open palm saying that Brando could not accept the award. Brando had actually written a 15-page speech & asked her to read, but she had been threatened with arrest if she attempted to read the entire speech by Howard Koch, the producer. +

21/ Instead, she was given 60 seconds. She went to the podium,introduced herself & said- "I'm representing Marlon Brando this evening ... that he very regretfully cannot accept..and the reasons for this being are the treatment of American Indians today by the film industry -" +

22/The crowd booed. Others in the audience began to clap cheering her on while she continued on briefly,to β€œbeg” that her appearance was not an intrusion & that they will β€œmeet with love & generosity” in the future. +

23/ Actor John Wayne, a self-professed white supremacist famous for killing Native Americans on screen, was waiting backstage to take her off. He had to be restrained by six security men. Presenting best picture soon after (also for The Godfather), Clint Eastwood quipped:+

24/+β€œI don’t know if I should present this award on behalf of all the cowboys shot in all the John Ford westerns over the years.” When she got backstage, she says, there were people making stereotypical Native American war cries at her and miming chopping with a tomahawk.

25/ Littlefeather shared the whole of the letter at a press conference after the ceremony & the letter was published in its entirety by the New York Times. This recaptured the attention of millions in the United States and world media & forestalled U.S. military intervention. +

26/ She received phone calls from civil rights activists like Coretta Scott King & Cesar Chavez congratulating her for what she'd done. she also received death threats and was lied about in the media, including allegations that she wasn't Indian.

27/She was blacklisted in Hollywood & ostracized of work everywhere. Brando, later in an interview with Dick Cavett(who never allowed her to be on his show) didn’t hold back. He said about how the book β€œIndians of the Americas” helped him to know the plight of Native Americans.+

28/Littlefeather continued her social justice work for Native Americans from her home in San Francisco & worked as an advocate for Native American AIDS patients. She also worked with Mother Theresa doing hospice care for AIDS patients.

29/Now what happened to the Oscar statuette Brando was supposed to receive, which had often been called the β€˜BRANDO OSCAR’? Acc. to the former Academy executive director Bruce Davis, the presenter Roger Moore took it to his home & kept it.Later he returned it to the Academy.+

30/Academy awarded Charlie Chaplin an Oscar in 1972 for the score of the movie β€˜Limelight’ released 20 years ago. Academy decided to send the oscar to him in Europe. It was damaged in shipping. So Academy replaced it on request of Chaplin family with the famous Brando Oscar.+

31/Marlon Brando had a long history of supporting various social movements dating back to at least 1946 when he backed the Zionist movement for a Jewish homeland. He had also participated in the March on Washington in 1963 and he supported the work of Dr Martin Luther King.+

32/Brando lent the Native American community a rare opportunity to raise awareness of their fight in front of 85 million viewers. His controversial rejection of the award (which no winner has repeated since) remains one of the most powerful moments in Oscar history.

33/ The full version of the Oscar speech which Marlon Brando wrote and asked Littlefeather to read in the Oscar Ceremony -



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