ʿAqīl المُصْطَفَوِي

ʿAqīl المُصْطَفَوِي



There is an important distinction between fairness/justice (al-'adālah) and equality (al-musāwah) in Islam. Knowing this distinction would make you understand why I cringe everytime someone calls the Prophet ﷺ a "feminist". This is a thread, inshāAllāh.

Firstly, the definition of justice (al-'adālah). al-'adālah, al-'udūlah, al-ma'dilah, al-ma'dalah all of them mean the same thing according to ibn Manzūr: al-'adl. In his Lisān al-‘Arab, he defines al-'adl as "what is established in the souls as straight, and it is the...

opposite of al-jawr (injustice)". "And in regards to one of the names of Allah, al-'Adl is that he is not inclined by his hawa' (passions) so as to be unjust in his ruling". According to Professor Syed Naquib al-Attas in 'Islam The Concept of Religion and the Foundation of...

Ethics and Morality', justice means "a harmonious condition or state of affairs whereby everything is in its right and proper place..." and that injustice is "putting a thing in a place not its own...". According to al-Attas, all acts of injustice ultimately lead back to..

injustice to man's self alone, because he has wronged his own soul, he has put his soul in a place not its own and all of this entails a violation of his Covenant with God. The Covenant every person has with God is the acknowledgement of the truth of God's Lordship.

It is important to notice that the word 'equality' that is thrown around a lot these days does not appear anywhere and this tells us an important thing: that the concept of justice in Islam is much more profound than mere equality. Thus, this metaphysical concept of justice...

translates the same way in Islamic social justice. According to Sayyid Qutb in his Social Justice in Islam, all natures of relations, including social relations, are "expressions of different aspects of the one universal, comprehensive theory", which is sought only from...

the Qur'an and the Traditions (Sunnah). Essentially, this theory is that humanity is an essential unity—that all creations were created by The One and that "individuals are as atoms, dependent upon and related to the world..." united by one purpose which is to serve The Creator

Therefore, this view of Islamic justice is "essentially an all-embracing justice which does not take account merely of material and economic factors". Secondly, why is this comprehensive view of justice important? The concept of 'equality' is that it is quantifiable and can..

be seen with our own human judgment. For example, consider the fact that men can be in a polygamous relationship, but not women. We can see clearly that the situation is unequal: one person has a right that the other doesn't.

The difference with justice is that justice takes into account things that are abstract, unquantifiable, and sometimes beyond human knowledge. Some of these things include responsibilities which is difficult to say who has more and who has less.

Consider the following hadith where a wife can take the husband's money without him knowing if she receives less nafqah. Is it equal? No: one clearly has a right while the other doesn't. Is it fair/just? Yes: we can see clearly why the reason behind it, because Islam has...

dictated that it is the responsibility of the husband to give nafqah. Is the above equal? No: one clearly has a responsibility while the other doesn't. Is it fair/just? Yes: you can theorise all you want why Islam only dictated men for it but I'll just say wallāhu a'lam.

This is what Qutb meant when he said that the regulations "cannot be correctly understood individually, nor when they are understood only of the individual in relation to society...". When you look at the situation above outwardly without considering other aspects, you will...

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